Every year, the agricultural industry adds over $1 trillion to the US economy. This incredible feat is largely due to the ever-advancing technology associated with this industry.
Equipment and vehicle refinements add considerably toward the farmer’s cause, helping them to harvest ever-increasing amounts of crops and other foodstuffs. Foremost of these is the humble farm tractor.
These are the different types of farm tractors that help farmers improve efficiency and production.
Utility tractors perform a host of functions around the farm. They’re used for towing all types of tractor-trailers and heavy farm implements. These include hay cutters, thrashers, and harvesters.
They’re powerful vehicles with low to medium type engines ranging from 45 Hp to 140 Hp. This type of tractor assists the farmer with plowing fields, transporting heavy loads, and navigating rough terrain when necessary.
Utility tractors are indispensable on small farms where the farmer can’t afford specialized machinery for all these tasks.
Compact tractors work well on farms with no major land tillage requirements. For instance, they’re widely used in fruit yards, nut farms, and vineyards.
These tractors are small and powerful and can come in handy for a wide range of small-scale farming tasks. The user can sit comfortably on the vehicle while trimming branches or picking fruit.
Due to their small size, these tractors are economical to run, too. Some types of compact tractors can perform a huge range of functions, just like their full-size counterparts, learn more.
Row Crop Tractors
These types of tractors work well on farms where farmers plant crops in a row. Like utility tractors, they perform a wide range of tasks.
They’re used for weed control, plowing, harrowing, plowing, and pulling seed drills.
Most row crop tractors come with several user-friendly benefits like comfortable driving, adequate row spacing features, greater ground clearance, and easily detachable or attachable implements.
This category comprises several types of tractors used in the farming industry and elsewhere. Most of them are purpose-built for particular functions like logging, or construction.
These tractors often have crane attachments and can also carry heavy loads. They don’t have a three-point hitch like most farm tractors. They have a drawbar instead.
Three-wheeled tractors are basically tricycles for farmers. They offer supreme maneuverability, but they’re a rare find nowadays.
Garden tractors suit very small farms where most work takes place in small areas. Their maximum engine power size of 20 Hp, and they’re most often used for mowing lawns or tilling flower beds.
The wheels of these tractors look like very thick scooter wheels. That’s so they don’t tear up the lawn while mowing, as the usual types of tractor tires would.
Garden tractors are exceptionally popular among homeowners and farmers alike, and there are over 100 different types to choose from.
Implement Carrier Tractors
These modified utility tractors make it easier to work with large implements. That’s because the chassis frame between the front and rear tires is longer than usual.
Farmers can mount drills, loaders, rotary sweepers, sprayers, and seed drills to these farm vehicles.
Most modern-day tractors feature a host of autonomous features like row spacing, climate-controlled cabins, electronic injector systems, and much more.
One of the most far-fetched innovations is the automated tractor. These vehicles need no one to help them around the farm. They operate entirely autonomously via pre-programmed routes and functions and are handy for repetitive tasks.
Farmers can control them via GPS if needed.
Choosing the Types of Farm Tractors You Need
Tractors are extremely expensive. So, if you’re new to farming, or you’re confused by newfangled tractor terminology, these are the things to consider:
What Do You Want to Use the Tractor For?
This is the most important part of choosing a tractor. There’s no sense in wasting money on a tractor with a host of features you don’t need.
In some cases, a utility vehicle might better suit your needs, especially if you have a small property. There are three main things to consider when choosing a tractor based on your needs:
- Can you operate the tractor comfortably?
- Do you want a wheel- or track-type tractor?
- What attachments do you need?
Answering these questions can help you to choose from the wide range of tractors listed above.
What Type of Drive Train Do You Want?
The drive train affects several maintenance aspects when it comes to your tractor as well as its performance. There are three main types of drive trains, namely:
Gear Drive Trains
These are long-lasting and efficient types of tractors. Some may include features, like slip clutches and shear pins, to reduce the chance of accidental damages.
Do you have a need for speed? Hydrostatic transmission can go faster than other kinds of tractors. They also have hydraulic fluid to protect your engine from an overload.
Belt-driven tractors don’t offer much protection for the tractor’s engine. The belt can slip or stretch when placed under tremendous strain.
The Necessary Attachments
Tractors aren’t always compatible with every kind of attachment you need. Do some research on the parts that come with your tractor, as well as any additions you can buy separately.
If the brand you choose doesn’t offer the full range of accessories and implements you need, there’s no guarantee that aftermarket parts or those from another manufacturer will work with your tractor.
The next thing to consider when looking at the attachments is how easily you can attach and detach them without wasting too much time.
You’ll need to deal with attaching and detaching implements often, so make sure you can do this easily and quickly.
The Latest on Tractors
Apart from choosing among all these different types of farm tractors, you’ll also have several brands to choose from when it comes to finding your ideal farm vehicle.
So, it pays to work closely with your local supplier to find a solution to this complicated task.
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