More and more industries are taking into account their environmental impact and ways through which they can help the planet and become more sustainable. Even sectors such as pest control are promoting non-toxic, eco-friendly alternatives like salt guns. You can find more information in this review from seedsandmore.net.
The construction sector has also taken considerable steps toward becoming more eco-friendly. One of them is researching sustainable alternatives for building materials. These are materials that are created from renewable natural resources, that generate less waste compared to traditional ones and that are also designed to last.
There is no building material that can be described as perfectly sustainable, but there are several interesting options that have proven to be versatile and practical. The general principle is that the materials used in the construction industry should come from local sources and be adequate for the climate in which they are used, in order to be considered sustainable.
The most sustainable fibers – bamboo and cork
Bamboo seems to become the most appreciated material for sustainable construction, thanks to its surprising properties. First of all, even if it is not a type of wood, but a grass, it has incredible strength and durability. It has proven to be more durable than hemp, another favorite for sustainable constructions. Secondly, it is one of the best renewable natural resources.
Bamboo is a perennial grass that is found in most regions and that regenerates very fast. It doesn’t need to be replanted and it grows surprisingly fast. The downside of bamboo is that it’s vulnerable to insects and water and that is why it needs a protective treatment. With the right protective finish, bamboo can be excellent for building floors.
Cork is another great choice for floor tiles and insulation sheets, due to its natural durability and noise-reduction quality. Cork is a good construction material because it is also resistant to water and fire. Similarly to bamboo, it regenerates easily because it is a tree bark. The only downside is that it is only found in the Mediterranean region.
Sustainable alternatives to concrete
Concrete is one of the main building materials but also one that has a negative impact on the environment and that is not sustainable. Specialists consider that concrete wastes too much water and diminishes other natural resources, which is why sustainable alternatives are necessary. Several options have been developed and are starting to be used more and more.
Bio-bricks are made of charcoal, cement, and luffa fibers which give them a special, airy texture. Thanks to this unique texture and natural components, plants can grow on the surface of these bricks. This makes them excellent for creating green walls and refreshing the air by producing oxygen.
Another great option for interior walls could be a type of concrete made of hemp. Hemp is a popular renewable fiber that can be turned into a building material if it’s mixed with water and a natural glue. This intriguing type of concrete has proven to be durable and resistant, while also absorbing CO2 and, thus, purifying the air.
A different approach when it comes to sustainable alternatives for concrete is based on recycling. Instead of exploiting natural resources, the recycling trend promotes bricks that are made from construction debris. On the one hand, there is less waste, and on the other hand, fewer resources and energy are being used.
Construction and demolition are proportional, and that is why it’s a good idea to reuse all the waste that is generated through demolitions. Bricks made from this type of debris are already being successfully used for new constructions.