Construction employment in December remained below pre-pandemic levels in two-thirds of the states even though 37 states and the District of Columbia added construction jobs from November to December, according to an analysis by the Associated General Contractors of America of government employment data. Association officials said the new data highlights how broadly the industry has been impacted by the pandemic and underscores the need for additional coronavirus recovery measures.
The survey, which included responses from more than 1,300 contractors in every state and DC, asked about prospects for 16 categories of projects. On balance, respondents expect growth only for non-hospital health care, such as clinics, testing and screening facilities, and medical laboratories; warehouses; and water and sewer projects.
Seasonally adjusted construction employment in December was lower than in February—the last month before the pandemic forced many contractors to suspend work—in 34 states and was unchanged in Kansas, Simonson noted. Texas lost the most construction jobs over the 10-month period (-35,600 jobs or -4.5 percent), followed by New York (-30,900 jobs, -7.5 percent), Florida (-17,500 jobs, -3.0 percent) and New Jersey (-16,700 jobs, -10.0 percent). Vermont experienced the largest percentage loss (-23.1 percent, -3,400 jobs), followed by New Jersey.
Only 15 states and the District of Columbia added construction jobs from February to December. Virginia added the most jobs (10,800, 5.3 percent), followed by Utah (7,000 jobs, 6.1 percent) and Alabama (6,100 jobs, 6.4 percent). Alabama added the highest percentage, followed by Utah and South Dakota (5.7 percent, 1,400 jobs).
Construction employment decreased from November to December in 11 states and D.C., increased in 37 states and was unchanged in North Carolina and Rhode Island. Arizona had the largest loss of construction jobs for the month (-4,100 jobs or -2.3 percent), followed by Louisiana (-2,000 jobs, -1.5 percent). Delaware had the largest percentage decline (3.2 percent, -700 jobs), followed by Arizona, Alaska (-1.9 percent, -300 jobs), and Louisiana.
California added the most construction jobs over the month (31,600 jobs, 3.7 percent), followed by New York (8,500, 2.3 percent) and Illinois (8,300 jobs, 3.8 percent). New Hampshire had the largest percentage gain for the month (4.0 percent, 1,100 jobs), followed by Illinois and New Mexico (3.8 percent, 1,800 jobs).
Association officials said demand for construction will continue to suffer until the coronavirus is under control and urged federal officials to enact measures to help stem additional job losses in the sector. These new measures should include new federal investments in infrastructure, backfilling depleted state and local construction budgets and moving quickly to forgive Paycheck Protection Program loans issued last year.